Our guide was showing us how many layer of skirts she was wearing with the traditional Dutch wear. There is the innermost short petticoat (ladies did not wear panties in those days), one other white linen that would be washed everyday or frequently as it would pick up dirt as one moves around, another prettier layer so that if the skirt inadvertently blows up (I mean, why are there windmills here, right?), a nice layer would be visible and they still stay decent. Finally, there is the thick outer layer which is hardly washed. Maybe once a year? Oh, plus an apron, to protect that more expensive thicker skirt anyway! Total weight of the costume including bodice and hat and all that, she figured it is about 25 pounds. Core strength exercise when you consider she walks around doing tours on most days! #DivainAmsterdam#Amsterdam#history#costume#clothing#traditionalcostume#Dutch#ZaanseSchans
The Sleek Bomber
In the 1930s, brothers Siegfried and Walter Günter were pushing the limits of aerodynamics as they designed aircraft for Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in Germany. Perhaps the ultimate expression of their aerodynamic beliefs was the Heinkel He 119. The Günter brothers and Ernest Heinkel envisioned the He 119 as an unarmed, high-speed reconnaissance aircraft or light bomber.
Work on the He 119 began in the summer of 1936 as a private venture funded by Heinkel Flugzeugwerke. The aircraft appeared to have a fairly standard layout as an all metal, low-wing monoplane with retractable gear. However, the very streamlined fuselage hid the He 119’s unorthodox power arrangement. To achieve the low-drag necessary for high-speed operations, the engine was buried in the fuselage, just behind the cockpit and above the wings. An enclosed drive shaft extended forward from the engine, through the cockpit, between the pilot and co-pilot, and to the front of the aircraft where it drove a 14 ft (4.27 m), metal, variable-pitch, four-blade propeller.
No engine produced the power needed for the He 119, so two Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines were placed side-by-side and coupled together through a common gear reduction. The DB 601 was a liquid-cooled, 12-cylinder, inverted Vee engine with a 5.91 in bore and 6.30 in stroke. When coupled, the 24-cylinder engine was known as the DB 606. The inner banks of the DB 606 were pointed nearly straight down and exhausted under the aircraft. The He 119’s cockpit formed the nose of the aircraft. The cockpit was entirely flush with the 48 ft 7 in (14.8 m) fuselage and was extensively glazed with heavily framed windows. In the aft fuselage were provisions for a radio operator and a ventral bay for cameras. Another bay for either large cameras or a maximum of 1,200 lb (1,000 kg) of bombs was located in the fuselage. A test flight to showcase its speed happened in 1937 and reached 370mph, however the aircraft's engine quit halfway into the flight and landed, but crashed into a drainage ditch. The remaining three prototypes underwent modifications until two planes and the license were purchased by Japan in 1940 to subsequently develop the R2Y1.
While on my cemetery hopping adventure, I came across this former tree (now stump) that had somehow grown around a headstone. It's crazy how quickly time passes... so quick that there was enough time for a full grown tree to form 😅
❗️Caption credit ❗️
- @the_ww2_memoirs -
The footage above was taken during the Battle for Iwo Jima which was one of the most costly and grueling battles of the entire Pacific Theatre. You can see the horror that the Marines faced as they landed on the 19th of February, 1945. Bullets were flying from all directions, shrapnel piercing your clothes, artillery and mortar fire landing all around you. It was as close to hell as one can get. As the US War Correspondent said in the video, the island was ugly, smelled of sulfur, and had volcanic rock everywhere. I have ancestors who fought on Iwo Jima and I can't even imagine what it must of been like. The battle has caught my fascination since I was 4 and many others alike because of how brutal the fighting was. As the battle dragged on many soldiers get separated spending entire nights alone in their foxhole under constant bombardment. The stress that must but on a human being is unfathomable. The Battle for Iwo Jima lasted over a month and cost the lives of over 3,000 US Marines. It is one of the most famous battles in history and it will most likely stay that war for forever because of the amount of carnage that took place. Footage courtesy of The History Channel (@history). ___
❗️Please follow the homies ❗️ @stosstruppen1918
Back to those dam latergrams after a short Insta break. Here's a video sweep of a part of @zaanseschans, where some quaint traditional Dutch houses have been moved and situated. No guesses as to what the owner of the fence posts with bee hives did for a living! I wouldn't have minded spending half a day here just chillin' out but I went with a small guided tour so, we were on a schedule. #DivainAmsterdam#Amsterdam#ZaanseSchans#history#culture#architecture#video